storia, archeologia sperimentale e natura mediterranea
The Neolithic village is a place equiped and realized intentionally to allow to old and young tourists, to approach concretely to the archeology world and to get into the main activities of the prehistorical man’s daily life, rousing the creativity, hand working and imagination. Precisely it deals with the real rebuilding of a neolithic village of the 8th cent. b.C., as the ones found in the Matera’s area. It is rebuilt in a inhabited space, equiped of a little control tower, two cabins and other structures, funcionals to the daily life activities (cockpit, sheepfold, working areas, haystack, ect.) and circled by a fencing ditch.
The rebuilding of ikria, one of the first wooden structure used for manifestations and public representations, belonging to the greek civilization of the centuries 7th-6th b.C.
The area equiped for the archeological laboratories, is a space where the professional archeologists have rebuilt 4 different funeral contests: Tomba A, a masculine burial belonging to the first Metal age ( about 2000 cent. a.C.); Tomba B, feminine burial belonging to the Iron age (9th-8th cent. a.C.); Tomba C, feminine burial belonging to the hellenistic-roman age (3th-2nd cent. b.C.); Tomba D, feminine burial belonging to the classic greek age (5th-4th cent. b.C.) and have created a space for the archeological recognition. The tourists will be the protagonists of a tomb’s real and concrete dig, using rigorously scientifical tools and methods, or they will realize a simulation of the superficial recognition (survey) through the ralling, quantification and classification of finds.
The Area used for play-didactical activities and for archeological and naturalistic laboratories, incudes also the “Antro of Aedo”, a space in the mediterranean spot.
There are 3 equiped naturalistic tracks: “the track of the mediterranean spot”, “Sentiero Grufolante”, so called from the homonym ditch diged by the water during millenniums, and the “damp track” that comes up also from a water stream. The vegetation of the reserve is completely characterized by the mediterranean spot, which contains mainly 2-3 metres middle-sized shrubs, perennials and evergreens, as the lentisco, the alaterno, the fillirea and the corbezzolo. In the past, this area was characterized by a thick wood that offered timber and game to the Neolithic man, but because of the intensive deforestation to overwork the timber in order to create areas for the grazing, this area was changed in the mediterranean spot. Walking through the tracks, you will meet the tipical wildlife of the mediterranean spot: hawks, tortoises, foxes, porcupines and hedgehogs.